Understanding Estrogen Dominance: Symptoms, Causes, and Solutions for Both Women and Men

Hormonal balance is crucial for overall health, affecting both women and men. One common imbalance is estrogen dominance, where estrogen levels are disproportionately high relative to progesterone. This condition can lead to various symptoms and health issues for both genders. In this blog, we’ll explore the types of estrogen, the delicate balance between estrogen and progesterone, the symptoms of estrogen dominance, and strategies to correct this imbalance.
Estrogen Dominance

Types of Estrogen

Estrogen is a group of hormones essential for reproductive health and other bodily functions. There are three primary types of estrogen:

  • Estradiol (E2): The most prevalent form in women of childbearing age, responsible for the development of female secondary sexual characteristics and reproductive functions.
  • Estrone (E1): The main estrogen present after menopause in women, estrone is weaker than estradiol but still significant.
  • Estriol (E3): The weakest of the estrogens, primarily present during pregnancy and having protective effects against certain diseases.

The Delicate Balance: Estrogen and Progesterone

Estrogen and progesterone (or testosterone in men) are two key hormones that need to be balanced for optimal health. While estrogen promotes cell growth and development, progesterone (and testosterone in men) helps regulate this growth, ensuring it doesn’t become excessive. When the balance tips in favor of estrogen, a condition known as estrogen dominance occurs.

Estrogen Dominance: More Than Just High Estrogen

Estrogen dominance doesn’t necessarily mean having excessively high estrogen levels. Instead, it’s about the ratio of estrogen to progesterone (or testosterone in men). You can have normal or even low estrogen levels but still experience estrogen dominance if your progesterone or testosterone levels are insufficient.

Symptoms of Estrogen Dominance

Estrogen dominance can manifest through a variety of symptoms in both women and men, including:

  • Headaches: Hormonal headaches, particularly around menstrual cycles in women.
  • Breast Tenderness: Painful or swollen breasts in women, and in men, gynecomastia (development of breast tissue).
  • Bloating: Water retention leading to bloating and weight gain.
  • Weight Gain: Particularly around the hips, waist, and thighs in women, and abdominal weight gain in men.
  • Mood Swings: Increased anxiety, irritability, and depression.
  • Irregular Periods: Heavy, painful, or irregular menstrual cycles in women.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired and sluggish even after adequate rest.
  • Decreased Libido: Reduced sexual desire and performance issues in men.

Correcting Estrogen Dominance

Addressing estrogen dominance involves rebalancing the hormone levels. Here are some effective strategies:

  • Dietary Changes: Eating a balanced diet rich in fiber helps eliminate excess estrogen. Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, and kale are particularly beneficial.


  • DIM (Diindolylmethane): Found in cruciferous vegetables, DIM helps promote healthy estrogen metabolism.
  • Calcium D-Glucarate: Supports the liver in detoxifying and excreting excess estrogen.
  • Stress Management: Chronic stress can elevate cortisol levels, which in turn can disrupt hormone balance. Practices like yoga, meditation, and regular exercise can help manage stress.
  • Avoiding Xenoestrogens: These are synthetic compounds found in plastics, pesticides, and personal care products that mimic estrogen. Reducing exposure to these can help maintain hormonal balance.
  • Consulting a Functional Nutritionist: Working with a specialist can provide personalized guidance on diet, lifestyle, and supplements to effectively address estrogen dominance.


Estrogen dominance is a common but often overlooked condition that can significantly impact the health of both women and men. By understanding the types of estrogen and the critical balance between estrogen and progesterone (or testosterone), you can better identify and address symptoms of estrogen dominance. Incorporating dietary changes, stress management, and targeted supplements like DIM and Calcium D-Glucarate can help restore balance. For a comprehensive approach, consider working with a functional nutritionist who can tailor a plan specific to your needs. Taking these steps can help you achieve better hormonal health and overall well-being.

Schedule a consultation with Andi today!

Please explore our services, then let’s talk about how we can help you meet your health and wellness goals. Schedule a consultation with a Licensed Dietitian Nutritionist today – call (623) 688-1498.

Sign up here to get Andi’s collection of 50 healthy recipes with 5 ingredients or less! Additionally, you will be subscribed to Andi’s bi-weekly tips, resources, and words of encouragement.

Get My E-book Now!